CBD Glossary

This glossary is a collection of terms commonly seen when researching CBD products, such as those sold by Muddy Boot Botanicals. Deciphering online descriptions is a pain; this glossary did it, so you don’t have to scroll through all the complicated websites. Each definition is more straightforward than the typical dictionary or scientific explanation, so you can understand the words you need to know without being a specialist. The terms are in standard alphabet order to provide easy navigation to what you need.

Written by: Anthony Arbelaez, Diana Faruqui, & Elizabeth NeSmith

Muddy Boot Botanicals’ Glossary of Terms


2018 Farm Bill: Removed hemp and derivatives of cannabis with low concentrations of THC from the definition of marijuana in the Controlled Substances Act.

Additive: a substance added in small amounts to a product to change it in some way; often added to food during processing to preserve, color, or stabilize.

Aeroponics: A farming technique where plants are grown from the air instead of soil. The roots rely on sunlight and mists of nutrients.

Anandamide (AEA): An endocannabinoid that is naturally produced in the human body and interacts with receptors such as CB1 and CB2.

Botanicals: plants or parts of plants (roots, leaves, bark, or berries) used for medicinal or therapeutic benefits, flavorings, or scents.

Broad-spectrum hemp extract: CBD-rich hemp oil extracted from the plant, but this oil does not contain traceable levels of THC. May produce heightened effects because it contains a variety of plant compounds working together, sometimes known as the Entourage effect.

Cannabinoids: Chemical substances that are found in the cannabis plant and make up a significant portion of the plant’s oils

Cannabis indica: A type of Cannabis known for its higher concentration of THC. It is popular for use as medical marijuana because of its sedative effects.

Cannabis sativa: A type of Cannabis known for giving a cerebral experience. It is known for:

– Uplifting feelings
– Mood-enhancing
– Analgesic
– Possible anti-inflammatory effects

CBC (Cannabichromene): A chemical found in cannabis that may reduce pain and swelling, but there is no clear evidence yet.

CBD (Cannabidiol): A chemical produced by hemp plants that is found in high concentrations in its oil. Studies have shown it can have a variety of positive effects when used by humans and some animals.

CBD Oil: made by extracting hemp’s natural oils through one of multiple methods of extraction. Alcohol, Carbon dioxide, and pressure are popular ways to separate the plant’s oils from its woody, fibrous parts. The oil can be put in gummies, sprays, capsules, bath soaks, and more.

CBG (Cannabigerol): A cannabinoid found in high concentrations in hemp plants; similar to CBD, it can have numerous positive benefits when used as part of a healthy routine.

CBN (Cannabinol): A chemical similar to CBD, yet less studied and it is found in smaller concentrations in the hemp plant. Anecdotal findings suggest it may promote a healthy nighttime routine.

Certificate of Analysis: Outside laboratories test our products to ensure its quality and potency is safe for distribution. To see an example of a lab analysis certificate, go to the Lab Results tab under each product description

Cultivar: Variety of cannabis that has been cultivated through selective breeding.

Dispensary: a place where products are distributed for medicinal purposes

Edibles: CBD products that are meant to be eaten

Endocannabinoid system (ECS): discovered just in the 1990s, the ECS is a complex system that involves three core components–endocannabinoids, receptors, and enzymes–that regulate many of our bodily functions such as:

– Digestion
– Immune function
– Inflammation
– Motor control
– Temperature regulation
– Sleep
– Mood
– Appetite
– Memory

Epidiolex: In June of 2018, FDA approved this drug for the treatment of seizures. This drug uses CBD as part of its active ingredients.

Essential Oils: concentrated, powerful, liquid extracts of the roots, seeds, flowers, and stems of plants; often used in natural and alternative health practices like aromatherapy and naturopathy; also used for flavorings; essential oils give a plant its scent and protect it from hazardous conditions

Full-spectrum hemp extract: Oils that contain small amounts of THC and include all the beneficial compounds naturally found in cannabis such as cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.

Hemp seed oil: Extracted from seeds of the hemp plant similar to ways used to make olive oil. Health benefits come from:

– Its high content of three polyunsaturated fatty acids, which benefit brain functions and cell growth
– Oral consumption improves symptoms of eczema as well as strengthens skin and makes it resist infection
– The fatty acid profile is high in Omega 3s
– Natural pain relief
– Gamma-linoleic acid present in hemp seed oil can contribute to reduced inflammation

Hemp: A cannabis plant that contains low levels of THC. Instead of THC, hemp contains large amounts of cannabidiol (CBD), which is still being studied but shows promise of many benefits for humans and some animals.

Homeostasis: from the Greek words for “same” and “steady,” this is your body’s efforts to maintain stable internal conditions necessary for survival. For example, your body attempts to maintain steady levels of temperature and other vital conditions such as the water, salt, sugar, protein, fat, calcium and oxygen contents of your blood.

Hops Extract: derived from the flowers of the Hops plant, Humulus lupulus. This extract has been used to treat anxiety, insomnia, ADHD, irritability, digestive issues, cancers and even leprosy. Hops also give beer its bitter flavor. Check out Muddy Boot Botanical’s Sleep Gummies that contain this extract–believed to have calming effects–in every gummy.

Isolates: Typically a white powder, isolates are a highly refined form of oil that typically contains 99% + of a single compound, such as CBD or CBG.

Marijuana: a slang term referring to the dried leaves, flowers, and stems of the cannabis plant. Other slang names for cannabis are weed, herb, and pot.

Medical Marijuana: Cannabis used to treat a medical condition. Over one half of the U.S. legalized cannabis’ usage for medical treatment. Some commons methods of using it are:

– Smoking
– Eating
– Topically
– Taken as a liquid

Non-intoxicating: Does not affect individuals ability to control their hearing, speaking, balance, thoughts, and understanding.

Organic: something natural, good for you; in food production, this is considered when cultivating without the use of chemically derived fertilizers, pesticides, growth stimulants, or antibiotics

Terpenes: Compounds in cannabis that provide a unique smell to plants.

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol): It is the main cause of the psychological effects that creates the “high feeling” when under the influence of cannabis.

THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin): A non-psychoactive form of THC that may help weight loss and control bodily imbalances.

Topical: made to be applied to an external part of the body

Trichomes: The crystal-like appendages on the surface of cannabis flowers that hold and produce the plant’s cannabinoids, terpenes, and other unique compounds.

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